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Natural Disasters & Recent issues After 2005

Case 1. Typhoon Haiyan and 5 m storm surge in Philippines (2013)

Typhoon Haiyan, known as Typhoon Yolanda in the Philippines, was an exceptionally powerful tropical cyclone that devastated portions of Southeast Asia, particularly the Philippines, in November 8, 2013. Super-typhoon Haiyan destroyed about 70 to 80 percent of structures in its path as it tore through Leyte province, said police chief superintendent Elmer Soria. After weakening, the storm headed west towards Vietnam. Huge waves from one of the strongest storms ever recorded swept away coastal villages. Some officials likened the destruction to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Haiyan's maximum sustained wind speeds made it the strongest typhoon in the world this year, and one of the most powerful ever recorded. Witnesses in Tacloban recalled waves up to five m (16 feet) high surging inland. Aerial photos showed entire neighborhoods destroyed, with trees and buildings flattened by storm surge. It is the deadliest Philippine typhoon on record, killing at least 6,201 people in that country alone. Haiyan was also the strongest storm recorded at landfall and unofficially the strongest typhoon ever recorded in terms of wind speed.

Case 2. Hurricane Sandy at New York, U.S. (2012)

New York area was severely impacted by Hurricane Sandy in October, 2012, particularly city of New York, its suburbs, and Long Island. Sandy's impacts included the flooding of the subway system of New York, many suburban communities, and all road tunnels entering Manhattan except the Lincoln Tunnel, and the closure of the New York Stock Exchange for two consecutive days. Numerous homes and businesses were destroyed by fire, including over 100 homes in Queens. Large parts of the city and surrounding areas lost electricity for several days, and several thousand people in midtown Manhattan were evacuated for six days due to a crane collapse.

Case 3. Hurricane Irene in East Coast of U.S. (2011)

Hurricane Irene was a large and destructive tropical cyclone, which impacted much of the Caribbean and East Coast of the U.S. during late August 2011. More than 76 evacuation shelters were open around the city. Irene is ranked as the seventh-costliest hurricane in U. S. history. Irene caused widespread destruction and at least 56 deaths. Damage estimates throughout the U. S. are estimated about $15.6 billion.

Case 4. Worst flooding in Thailand (2011)

Severe flooding occurred during the 2011monsoon season in Thailand. Beginning at the end of July triggered by the landfall of Tropical Storm Nock-ten, flooding soon spread through the provinces of Northern, Northeastern and Central Thailand along the Mekong and Chao Phraya river basins. In October floodwaters reached the mouth of the Chao Phraya and inundated parts of the capital city of Bangkok. Flooding persisted in some areas until mid-January 2012, resulting in a total of 815 deaths (with 3 missing) and 13.6 million people affected. Sixty-five of Thailand's 77 provinces were declared flood disaster zones, and over 20,000 k㎡ (7,700 sq mi) of farmland was damaged. The disaster has been described as "the Thailand's worst flooding yet in terms of the amount of water and people affected." The World Bank has estimated 1,425 billion baht (US$ 45.7 Bn) in economic damages and losses due to flooding, as of 1 December 2011. Most of this was to the manufacturing industry, as seven major industrial estates were inundated by as much 3 m (10 feet) during the floods. Disruptions to manufacturing supply chains impacted regional automobile production and caused a global shortage of hard disk drives which lasted throughout 2012.

Case 5. The Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami (2011)

A 9.0 magnitude earthquake struck off the coast of Japan on March, 2011. The epicenter was 45 miles east of the largest Island, Honshu. It triggered a tsunami with waves reaching 33 feet (about 10 m) in height which reached up to 6 miles inland. As of today there are almost 15,000 deaths and 11,000 missing. It's one of the 5 most powerful earthquakes since recorded history.

Case 6. Hurricane Katrina at New Orleans, U.S. (2005)

In August of 2005, about 80 % areas of New Orleans sank under the sea as a result of the devastation caused by Hurricane Katrina and more than 1,600 peoples were killed. The storm surge brought about by this catastrophic hurricane of Category 5 destroyed seawalls and the subsequent delay in the repair of the old seawalls made this one of the worst disasters ever to be experienced by the U.S. The destruction was so bad that, two years later, 66% of the original inhabitants who had been relocated elsewhere had still not returned, adding further delays to the reconstruction of the city.

Case 7. Cyclones at the Cook Islands (2005)

The El Nino weather pattern resulted in several huge cyclones for the 2004-2005 season in the Southeast Pacific around and east of the date line. In the course of four weeks in February 2005, Cyclones Meena, Nancy, Olaf and Percy have struck the Cook Islands. As these cyclones were stronger than Cyclone Sally that is reported to have caused the most damage to Rarotonga in the past, the Government was well prepared for the storm and the flood, setting up evacuation shelters around the island.

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