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Natural Disasters & Recent issues After 2005

Emergency Status In Pakistan (2022)

In Pakistan, the heavy rain since June has distressed 33 million people, with over 1,100 deaths reported. Approximately a third of the country has been flooded in June and July, 2022.

Mogami River Inundated Again (2022)

August of 2022 has seen record heavy rainfall that has again inundated Mogami River. 14 districts of Yamagata Prefecture were isolated due to roads being flooded. A bridge spanning Koishikawa River in the prefecture alongside a Japan Railways track was washed away, together with a car, leading to one person becoming missing.

Record Heavy Rainfall in China (2021)

In July 2021 there was record heavy rainfall in central China, leading to 25 deaths and 7 missing persons. It is said to be a once in a century event, with Record Heavy Rainfall in China of over 200 mm measured, the largest amount since measurements first began.

Heavy Rainfall Cause Flooding in Germany, Belgium (2021)

Heavy rainfall centered on western Germany during July of 2021 caused flooding, resulting in at least 156 deaths. Similarly, 27 people perished in Belgium due to same weather condition, and the Netherlands sustained similar damages as well.

Once In Two Decades' Cyclone Hits India (2021)

In May of 2021, the Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm "TAUKTAE" made landfall in northwestern India, killing 29 people.

This cyclone's maximum windspeed marked 58 m/sec, resulting in utility poles being fell and leading to blackouts, in addition to forcing some 2 hundred thousand inhabitants to evacuate. During the same month another cyclone dubbed "YAAS" landed in eastern India.

Moreover, yet another cyclone named "AMPHAN" hit eastern India and Bangladesh, causing at least 84 fatalities thereabouts.

Concentrated Rainfall in Northern Kyushu (2020)

July of 2020 saw linear rainbands spawned along rainy season weather fronts; this meant 20 locations along 9 arterial rivers in all 7 prefectures on Kyushu island were inundated. Casualty tolls in Kumamoto and Fukuoka prefectures were particularly high, with 68 people dead or missing upon combining the figures for the two. Kumamoto had 14 residents of a special retirement home in Kuma Village pass away when Kuma River overflowed. As for Fukuoka Prefecture the 6-am downpour early in the morning led to a couple of inhabitants dying in a two-storied house when the upper level was filled with water in no time. After the event, the name of the "2020 Northern Kyushu Concentrated Rainfall" was labeled.

Typhoon Hagibis Hits Tokyo, Nagano, Etc. (2019)

The monster typhoon which crept up the Izu Peninsula after coming onshore at 7 am on October 12th, 2019 reached areas north to deliver direct hits elsewhere in Japan, including Tokyo and Fukushima. Although a special heavy rain alert was provided in Tokyo and Kanagawa, flooding of Tama River led to damages in Tokyo's Setagaya Ward. Additionally major rivers in Tochigi and Fukushima prefectures, as was Chikuma River in Nagano Prefecture, had their embankments breached; with over 50 East Japan rivers experiencing breached embankments, Hagibis became a record holder by surpassing the 25 figure set during the 2018 West Japan Concentrated Rainfall. 94 people died or became missing, 95 houses completely or halfway destroyed, some 20,400 flooded above the floorboard while about 14,000 were flooded below the floorboard. Meanwhile, Nagano Prefecture saw Chikuma River become inundated at 1 am, causing many people to become stranded because of delayed evacuations. Typhoon Hagibis caused 91 deaths and 5 missing persons as of latest confirmation; of the deaths, 22 died in their cars.

Typhoon Faxai Clobbers Chiba (2019)

In September of 2019, Typhoon Faxai landed in the Kanto region to cause a massive power outage centering in Chiba Prefecture, clocking windspeed in Chiba City at a 57.5 meters maximum. The high winds damaged a golf training center pole supporting the net, which directly walloped over a dozen neighborhood housings. Kimitsu City to the south of Chiba City saw two power transmission towers damaged and blacking out 641 hundred households, while pumping station functions were crippled there to halt water distribution.

Typhoon Jebi Storm Surge Drenches Kansai Int'l. Airport (2018)

In September of 2018, Typhoon Jebi wreaked havoc in the Kansai region, including a record-high 5m+ storm surge led to Kansai International Airport runways being covered by seawater. A maximum instantaneous windspeed of 58.1 m/sec was observed, producing a storm surge as high as 5.2 m that covered 500sq km with water 0.5m deep. The total volume of water influx topped at 2.7 million ㎥ as to that of over 4m height to the eastern shoreline and over 6m to the southern shoreline of Kansai International combined. Furthermore, a tanker collided with the bridge linking the airport to make travel thereon impossible and leaving some 8,000 users stranded at the offshore facility. The typhoon's central pressure upon reaching the Osaka area marked 955hp.

Concentrated Rainfall On Urban Dam (2018)

In July of 2018, response to imminent danger with water nearing the brim at Kanogawa Dam, located within Ehime Prefecture's Oozu City, is being scrutinized, as resulted in 8 denizens dying. Operators unleashed the water content when unprecedented rainfall almost breached the dam structure. Unfortunately for 8 persons found dead downstream the dam discharge news apparently fell on deaf ears of residents in the flood plain region. Named the "2018 West Japan Concentrated Rainfall" this torrential downpour led to 61 people going amiss, alongside a total of 127 deaths (the hapless eight included) resulting from it.

Two Prefectures Pummeled By Sudden Concentrated Rainfalls (2017)

In July of 2017, due to the impact of activated rainy season weather front on the 12th, sudden concentrated rainfall centered on Kumamoto and Oita prefectures saw 5 people dead, 14 people missing due to such circumstances.

Typhoon Haiyan and 5 m storm surge in Philippines (2013)

Typhoon Haiyan, known as Typhoon Yolanda in the Philippines, was an exceptionally powerful tropical cyclone that devastated portions of Southeast Asia, particularly the Philippines, in November 8, 2013. Super-typhoon Haiyan destroyed about 70 to 80 percent of structures in its path as it tore through Leyte province, said police chief superintendent Elmer Soria. After weakening, the storm headed west towards Vietnam. Huge waves from one of the strongest storms ever recorded swept away coastal villages. Some officials likened the destruction to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Haiyan's maximum sustained wind speeds made it the strongest typhoon in the world this year, and one of the most powerful ever recorded. Witnesses in Tacloban recalled waves up to five m (16 feet) high surging inland. Aerial photos showed entire neighborhoods destroyed, with trees and buildings flattened by storm surge. It is the deadliest Philippine typhoon on record, killing at least 6,201 people in that country alone. Haiyan was also the strongest storm recorded at landfall and unofficially the strongest typhoon ever recorded in terms of wind speed.

Hurricane Sandy at New York, U.S. (2012)

New York area was severely impacted by Hurricane Sandy in October, 2012, particularly city of New York, its suburbs, and Long Island. Sandy's impacts included the flooding of the subway system of New York, many suburban communities, and all road tunnels entering Manhattan except the Lincoln Tunnel, and the closure of the New York Stock Exchange for two consecutive days. Numerous homes and businesses were destroyed by fire, including over 100 homes in Queens. Large parts of the city and surrounding areas lost electricity for several days, and several thousand people in midtown Manhattan were evacuated for six days due to a crane collapse.

Hurricane Irene in East Coast of U.S. (2011)

Hurricane Irene was a large and destructive tropical cyclone, which impacted much of the Caribbean and East Coast of the U.S. during late August 2011. More than 76 evacuation shelters were open around the city. Irene is ranked as the seventh-costliest hurricane in U. S. history. Irene caused widespread destruction and at least 56 deaths. Damage estimates throughout the U. S. are estimated about $15.6 billion.

Worst flooding in Thailand (2011)

Severe flooding occurred during the 2011monsoon season in Thailand. Beginning at the end of July triggered by the landfall of Tropical Storm Nock-ten, flooding soon spread through the provinces of Northern, Northeastern and Central Thailand along the Mekong and Chao Phraya river basins. In October floodwaters reached the mouth of the Chao Phraya and inundated parts of the capital city of Bangkok. Flooding persisted in some areas until mid-January 2012, resulting in a total of 815 deaths (with 3 missing) and 13.6 million people affected. Sixty-five of Thailand's 77 provinces were declared flood disaster zones, and over 20,000 k㎡ (7,700 sq mi) of farmland was damaged. The disaster has been described as "the Thailand's worst flooding yet in terms of the amount of water and people affected." The World Bank has estimated 1,425 billion baht (US$ 45.7 Bn) in economic damages and losses due to flooding, as of 1 December 2011. Most of this was to the manufacturing industry, as seven major industrial estates were inundated by as much 3 m (10 feet) during the floods. Disruptions to manufacturing supply chains impacted regional automobile production and caused a global shortage of hard disk drives which lasted throughout 2012.

The Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami (2011)

A 9.0 magnitude earthquake struck off the coast of Japan on March, 2011. The epicenter was 45 miles east of the largest Island, Honshu. It triggered a tsunami with waves reaching 33 feet (about 10 m) in height which reached up to 6 miles inland. As of today there are almost 15,000 deaths and 11,000 missing. It's one of the 5 most powerful earthquakes since recorded history.

Hurricane Katrina at New Orleans, U.S. (2005)

In August of 2005, about 80 % areas of New Orleans sank under the sea as a result of the devastation caused by Hurricane Katrina and more than 1,600 peoples were killed. The storm surge brought about by this catastrophic hurricane of Category 5 destroyed seawalls and the subsequent delay in the repair of the old seawalls made this one of the worst disasters ever to be experienced by the U.S. The destruction was so bad that, two years later, 66% of the original inhabitants who had been relocated elsewhere had still not returned, adding further delays to the reconstruction of the city.

Cyclones at the Cook Islands (2005)

The El Nino weather pattern resulted in several huge cyclones for the 2004-2005 season in the Southeast Pacific around and east of the date line. In the course of four weeks in February 2005, Cyclones Meena, Nancy, Olaf and Percy have struck the Cook Islands. As these cyclones were stronger than Cyclone Sally that is reported to have caused the most damage to Rarotonga in the past, the Government was well prepared for the storm and the flood, setting up evacuation shelters around the island.

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